Romantic Music of the nineteenth century differed greatly from the classical music of the eighteenth century. Classical music was primarily concerned with strict form and style. Romantic composers, however, wanted to express their feelings and thoughts through music. Their music was less structured than the music of classicists; its goal was to fill the listener with emotion, with thoughts of beauty, wonder, and nature, and with poetry.
1. What is the topic of this passage? (A). The characteristics of romantic music. (B). Various types of music. (C). Popular music in the eighteenth century. (D). A comparison of romantic and classical music.
2. The word ‘greatly’ in line 1 could be best replaced by which of the following? (A). Famously (B). Tremendously (C). Structurally (D). Slightly
3. According to the passage, classical music … (A). expresses feelings and thoughts (B). was popular in the nineteenth century (C). has rigid forms (D). is less structured than romantic music.
4. The word ‘form’ in line 2 is closest in meaning to …. (A). structure (B). meter (C). meaning (D). use
5. It can be inferred from the passage that romantic music … (A). developed prior to the eighteenth century. (B). did not have a strict form. (C). came before classical music. (D). was more concerned with form than feeling.
6. The word ‘goal’ in line 4 is NOT close in meaning to which of the following? (A). aim (B). objective (C). result (D). purpose
7. The word ‘emotion’ in line 5 is closest in meaning to ….. (A). feeling (B). logic (C). sound (D). movement
8. According to the passage, romantic music filled the listener with all of the following …. EXCEPT (A). thoughts of poetry (B). thoughts of wonder (C). thoughts of loveliness (D). thoughts of strictness
In American colonies, Benjamin Franklin worked as a printer; from his work, he clearly understood how difficult and costly it was to make books. However, he and his friends really enjoyed reading and wanted to get hold of as many books as they could.
One of Franklin’s good ideas, and he had many good ideas, was to set up a club where people could share their books. The 50 members who joined the club when it was started in 1732 donated books and also pooled their money to buy additional books. Anyone who wanted to could stop in and read the books, club members were also allowed to take the books home with them, provided they returned them on time. This ‘club’ became American’s first circulating library.
1. The passage mainly discusses _____ (A). the American colonies (B). Benjamin Franklin’s work as a printer (C). Franklin’s many good ideas. (D). America’s first circulating library.
2. A ‘printer’ is a person who ____ (A). works in a library (B). runs a book club (C). reads (D). produces books and pamphlets
3. The passage indicates that Franklin had _____ (A). no good ideas (B). one good ideas (C). few good ideas (D). numerous good ideas.
4. According to the passage, how many people were in the original club? (A). 5 (B). 15 (C). 50 (D). 5000
5. The word ‘pool’ could be best replaced by _____ (A). watered (B). swam (C). earned (D). shared
6. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as something that club members did? (A). They gave books to the club (B). They started new clubs (C). They took books home. (D). They helped buy additional books
7. It can be inferred from the passage that nonmembers of Franklin’s club could NOT (A). enter the club (B). look at the club’s book.. (C). read (D). take books out of the club.