Review Reading Comprehension for TOEFL 2

Passage 1

Romantic Music of the nineteenth century differed greatly from the classical music of the eighteenth century. Classical music was primarily concerned with strict form and style. Romantic  composers, however, wanted to express their feelings and thoughts through music. Their music was less structured than the music of classicists; its goal was to fill the listener with emotion, with thoughts of beauty, wonder, and nature, and with poetry.

1. What is the topic of this passage? (A). The characteristics of romantic music. (B). Various types of music. (C). Popular music in the eighteenth century. (D). A comparison of romantic and classical music.

2. The word ‘greatly’ in line 1 could be best replaced by which of the following? (A). Famously (B). Tremendously (C). Structurally (D). Slightly

3. According to the passage, classical music … (A). expresses feelings and thoughts (B). was popular in the nineteenth century (C). has rigid forms  (D). is less structured than romantic music.

4. The word ‘form’ in line 2 is closest in meaning to …. (A). structure  (B). meter  (C). meaning  (D). use

5. It can be inferred from the passage that romantic music … (A). developed prior to the eighteenth century. (B). did not have a strict form. (C). came before classical music. (D). was more concerned with form than feeling.

6. The word ‘goal’ in line 4 is NOT close in meaning to which of the following? (A). aim (B). objective (C). result (D). purpose

7. The word ‘emotion’ in line 5 is closest in meaning to  ….. (A). feeling  (B). logic  (C). sound  (D). movement

8. According to the passage, romantic music filled the listener with all of the following …. EXCEPT (A). thoughts of poetry  (B). thoughts of wonder  (C). thoughts of loveliness  (D). thoughts of strictness

Passage 2

In American colonies, Benjamin Franklin worked as a printer; from his work, he clearly understood how difficult and costly it was to make books. However, he and his friends really enjoyed reading and wanted to get hold of as many books as they could.

One of Franklin’s good ideas, and he had many good ideas,  was to set up a club where people could share their books. The 50 members who joined the club when it was started in 1732 donated books and also pooled their money to buy additional books. Anyone who wanted to could stop in and read the books, club members were also allowed to take the books home with them, provided they returned them on time. This ‘club’ became American’s first circulating library.

1. The passage mainly discusses _____ (A). the American colonies  (B). Benjamin Franklin’s work as a printer  (C). Franklin’s many good ideas. (D). America’s first circulating library.

2. A ‘printer’ is a person who ____ (A). works in a library  (B). runs a book club  (C). reads  (D). produces books and pamphlets

3. The passage indicates that Franklin had  _____ (A). no good ideas  (B). one good ideas  (C). few good ideas  (D). numerous good ideas.

4. According to the passage, how many people were in the original club? (A). 5  (B). 15  (C). 50  (D). 5000

5. The word ‘pool’ could be best replaced by _____ (A). watered  (B). swam  (C). earned  (D). shared

6. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as something that club members did? (A). They gave books to the club   (B). They started new clubs  (C). They took books home.  (D). They helped buy additional books

7. It can be inferred from the passage that nonmembers of Franklin’s club could NOT  (A). enter the club  (B). look at the club’s book.. (C). read  (D). take books out of the club.

 

Problems for Online 2 TOEFL 2 (Grammar Review)

1.  The Arctic Circle _____ through northern North America, Europe and Asia.  (A). the     (B). passing    (C). it passes   (D). passes                             

2. Earth’s gravity pulls everything toward _____ the Earth.  (A). it centers               (B). the center of         (C). centered it             (D). the center                              

3. The forces ______earthquakes are the same ones that build mountains.(A). unleash                 (B). unleashes              (C). that unleash          (D). that unleashing                                                                                

4. Since the eighteenth century ______ the major genre of literature in most literate societies.   (A). becoming    (B). a becoming novel                              (C). has the novel become    (D). the novel has become                                                                            

5. Under a microscope, ______  of a computer chip looks like a network of aluminum tracks.       (A). the circuitry          (B). with the circuitry   (C). after the circuitry  (D). it circulates                                                      

6. Dinosaurs became extinct 64millions years ________ first people ever appeared on Earth.   (A). prior to the     (B).  the preceding time                      (C). before the             (D). the                                                                               

7. Venus is almost the same size as the Earth, ____ mountain ranges are much higher.    (A). they                      (B). but they                (C). its              (D). but its                                                                                         

8. In concrete poetry the primary consideration is the way that ______ in the poem.   (A). cause     (B). arranging the words     (C). the arrangement of words    (D). words in an arrangement 

9. Scientists are now only beginning to understand the factors _____ cigarette addiction.    (A). cause     (B). causing       (C). they cause             (D). causes                                                        

 10. Agricultural ______ largely responsible for the unfolding of nutritional knowledge of vitamins and minerals early in the last century.  (A). was       (B). chemists    (C).  with chemists     (D). chemists were     

11. Each summer the Roanoke Historical Association sponsors a play that shows ___ about the fate of the early colony. (A). known                  (B). what is known      (C). what knowing       (D). is known                                                        

12. Agriculture requires a steady supply of water to keep the plants alive, so ____ in areas with a lot of rainfall.   (A). naturally started    (B). starting nature       (C). it naturally started(D). its natural start                                                                             

13. Even though __________ about $ 4,000 to fully train a hearing dog, these dogs are generally given without charge to qualified candidates.     (A). it costs                (B). the cost of it          (C). the cost                 (D). costs  

14. The reactors core of a nuclear reactor is housed in a steel vessel _____ by a thick layer of concrete.        (A). is surrounded        (B). it surrounds           (C). surrounds              (D). surrounded  

15. The properties of every protein depend on how ________ are arranged in the molecular chain.     (A). all the amino   (B). all of the aminos acidity        (C). all of the amino acids      (D). of all the amino acids             

Practice For Part B Listening Comprehension

PART B

In this part of the test, you will hear longer conversations. After each conversation, you will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you here a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

1. (A). Washing  clothes. (B). The effects of hard water. (C). How to buy a water softener. (D). How to keep your pipes from freezing

2.(A). Containing minerals.(B). Frozen (C) Difficult  (D). Soapy

3. (A). Moving to a new apartment.     (B). Buying a machine. (C). Using a powder. (D). Heating his home better

4. (A). Wash some clothes.  (B). Buy some water-softening powder  (C). Clean his house. (D). Call the man who tested his water.

5. (A). Superstitious. (B). Transportation arrangements. (C). Borrowing a van.    (D). Moving to a new home.

6. (A). He might be superstitious (B). He’ll be in Chicago that evening (C). He won’t be able to borrow his father’s van. (D). He won’t be able to get there on time.

7. (A). He’s having dinner with some friends that evening.  (B). He will be driving his father’s van instead  of his car. (C). He will be flying in from Chicago earlier  that evening.  (D). He always drives some more slowly on Friday the thirteenth.

8. (A). He would rather take his own car. (B). His father might need it to help    a friend move. (C).  He is quite sure it won’t be a problem  (D). He doesn’t know if it is big   enough to hold all of Amanda’s things.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Reading Review for TOEFL 1

Passage one

            Most icebergs are formed in the waters of the world’s polar and subpolar regions. These are the regions in and around the North and South Poles. Icebergs melt as they encounter warmer ocean breezes closer to the equator. This happens with most, but not all, icebergs.     

                                                                                                                                                   One record-setting iceberg managed to travel further from the frigid waters near the poles than any other iceberg has been known to travel. In 1894, an iceberg broke off from Antarctica in the south and began moving slowly northward. It eventually left the very cold waters near the pole and entered warmer waters. This unusual iceberg managed to get amazingly close to the equator. It was observed at a latitude of about 26 degrees south of the equator. This is on the same latitude as Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which is famous for its comfortably warm waters and weather throughout the year.

Passage Two

           Paul Revere was recognized in Longfellow’s poem “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” for his act of heroism during Revolutionary times. In this well-known poem, Longfellow describes how Paul Revere made a nighttime ride on horseback from Lexington to Concord. The purpose of this famous ride was to warn the Concord militia that the British were planning to attack.   

                                                                                                                   However, Longfellow’s poem does not recount the historical events accurately. In reality, Paul Revere did not travel alone  on his important ride. Instead, he met up with William Dawes in Lexington. These two set out for Concord with a Dr. Samuel Prescott, who was on his way home.                                                                                                                                                                                                           On the way between Lexington and Concord, the three were stopped by some British soldiers. Revere became a prisoner of the British and Dawes managed to escape. It was Dr. Prescott rather than Paul Revere who got through to Concord to warn the militia of the British attack that was coming. However, it was Paul Revere and not Dr. Prescott who received the credit for the heroic deed in Longfellow’s poem.

Review Structure for TOEFL 2

1.  Kansas ___ at the geographical center of the United States.    (A). it is located .    (B). the location is       (C). its location                        (D). is located   

2. ____ first pizza restaurant opened in New York City in 1895.  (A). The          (B). It was the       (C). At the               (D). It was at the        

3. ___ without a backbone is the Atlantic squid.    (A). For the largest creature           (B). The largest creature    (C). It is the largest creature     (D). The largest creature  is                                                                                    

4. The last star on the handle of Polaris, or the North Star.    (A). to call the Little Digger       (B). the Little Dipper calling     (C). calling the Little Digger  (D). the Little Dipper is called                                                                                                        

5. Societies _____ to at least 1500 B.C. made use of molds to treat superficial  infections.  (A). they date back     (B). dating back     (C). the date is back  (D). date back                                                                                                                    

6. Eugene Debs ran for the presidency of the United States five times, ____ was never elected.   (A). he       (B). but he                  (C). to him                   (D). for his                                                                                              

7. The oldest known daggers are ones that Neolithic humans ___ out of flint. (A). skillfully chipped(B). skillful chips         (C). chipping skillfully(D). chips are skillful                                                                    

8. Woodrow Wilson served as president of Princeton ___ was elected president of the United States.   (A). before                (B). to him                   (C). he                         (D). before he                                                      

9. Sound waves are produced when _____ quickly.    (A). objects vibrate      (B). vibrating objects   (C). objects to vibrate (D). the vibration of objects                                               

10. A genetic predisposition determines ___ is most likely to form freckles.      (A). he               (B). it          (C). who         (D). when                                                                                    

11. The vast west-central section of North America, ____  from Texas to Canada, is one of the world’s largest grasslands.  (A). it stretches(B). stretches    (C). which stretches     (D). is stretched                                               

12. Characteristically, the dulcimer features three or four strings ___ along a fingerboard.      (A). stretched       (B). are stretched   (C). stretch them          (D). they are stretched                                                    

13.  Diamond Head is what ____ of an extinct volcano.                                (A). to remain                        (B). remains                 (C). remaining              (D). the remnants                                                         

14. Any member of a group of drugs ____ barbituric acid is a barbiturate.      (A). the derivation of   (B). is derived from     (C). derived from         (D). derives from                                                              

15. Henry VIII ruled that people born on February 29 ____ their birthdays on February 28 in non-leap years.       (A). a celebrity        (B). a celebration      (C). celebrating      (D). would celebrate