Expressions for Agreeing and Disagreeing
Most icebergs are formed in the waters of the world’s polar and subpolar
regions. These are the regions in and around the North and South Poles.
Icebergs melt as they encounter warmer ocean breezes closer to the equator.
This happens with most, but not all, icebergs. One record-setting iceberg
managed to travel further from the frigid waters near the poles than any other
iceberg has been known to travel. In 1894, an iceberg broke off from
Antarctica in the south and began moving slowly northward. It eventually left
the very cold waters near the pole and entered warmer waters. This unusual
iceberg managed to get amazingly close to the equator. It was observed at a
latitude of about 26 degrees south of the equator. This is on the same latitude
as Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which is famous for its comfortably warm waters and
weather throughout the year.
(taken from TOEFL Exercises by Heineman)
Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you’ve read. Whether you’ve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. If you’re stuck on what to say in a review, it can help to imagine you’re talking to someone who’s asking you whether they should read the book
1) Start with a couple of sentences describing what the book is about
But without giving any spoilers or revealing plot twists. As a general rule, try to avoid writing in detail about anything that happens from about the middle of the book onwards. If the book is part of a series, it can be useful to mention this, and whether you think you’d need to have read other books in the series to enjoy this one.
2) Discuss what you particularly liked about the book
Focus on your thoughts and feelings about the story and the way it was told. You could try answering a couple of the following questions:
- Who was your favourite character, and why?
- Did the characters feel real to you?
- Did the story keep you guessing?
- What was your favourite part of the book, and why?
- Were certain types of scene written particularly well – for example sad scenes, tense scenes, mysterious ones…?
- Did the book make you laugh or cry?
- Did the story grip you and keep you turning the pages?
3) Mention anything you disliked about the book
Talk about why you think it didn’t work for you. For example:
- Did you wish the ending hadn’t been a cliffhanger because you found it frustrating?
- Did you find it difficult to care about a main character, and could you work out why?
- Was the story too scary for your liking, or focused on a theme you didn’t find interesting?
4) Round up your review
Summarise some of your thoughts on the book by suggesting the type of reader you’d recommend the book to. For example: younger readers, older readers, fans of relationship drama/mystery stories/comedy. Are there any books or series you would compare it to?
5) You can give the book a rating, for example a mark out of five or ten, if you like
Luisa Plaja loves words and books, and she edits the teen book review site Chicklish. Her novels for teenagers include Split by a Kiss, Swapped by a Kiss and Kiss Date Love Hate. She lives in Devon, England, and has two young children. Find out more about Luisa at her website.
For hundreds of years in the early history of America, pirates sailed through coastal waters, pillaging and plundering all in their path. They stole from other ships and stole from coastal towns; not content only to steal, they destroyed everything they could not carry away. Some of the pirate ships amassed large treasures, the fates of which are unknown, leaving people of today to wonder at their whereabouts and to dream of one day coming across some lost treasure.
One notorious large treasure was on the pirate ship Whidah, which sank in the waters off Cape Cod during a strong storm in 1717. A hundred of the crew members went down with the ship, along with its treasure of coins, gold, silver, and jewels. The treasure on board had an estimated value, on today’s market, of more than 100 million dollars.
The remains of the Whidah were discovered in 1984 by Barry Clifford, who had spent years of painstaking research and tireless searching, only to finally locate the ship about 500 yards from shore. A considerable amount of treasure from the centuries-old ship has been recovered from its watery grave, but there is clearly still a lot more out there. Just as a reminder of what the waters off the coast have been protecting for hundreds of years, occasional pieces of gold, or silver, or jewels still wash up on the beaches, and lucky beachgoers find pieces of the treasure.
from TOEFL Execrcises